Perovskite-perovskite tandem photovoltaics with optimized bandgaps

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Science  20 Oct 2016:
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf9717

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We demonstrate four and two-terminal perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells with ideally matched bandgaps. We develop an infrared absorbing 1.2eV bandgap perovskite, FA0.75Cs0.25Sn0.5Pb0.5I3, that can deliver 14.8% efficiency. By combining this material with a wider bandgap FA0.83Cs0.17Pb(I0.5Br0.5)3 material, we reach monolithic two terminal tandem efficiencies of 17.0% with over 1.65 volts open-circuit voltage. We also make mechanically stacked four terminal tandem cells and obtain 20.3% efficiency. Crucially, we find that our infrared absorbing perovskite cells exhibit excellent thermal and atmospheric stability, unprecedented for Sn based perovskites. This device architecture and materials set will enable “all perovskite” thin film solar cells to reach the highest efficiencies in the long term at the lowest costs.

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