ReportTissue Repair

Macrophage function in tissue repair and remodeling requires IL-4 or IL-13 with apoptotic cells

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Science  11 May 2017:
DOI: 10.1126/science.aai8132

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Tissue repair is a subset of a broad repertoire of IL-4/IL-13-dependent host responses during helminth infection. Here, we show that IL-4/IL-13 alone were not sufficient, but IL-4/IL-13 together with apoptotic cells induced the tissue repair program in macrophages. Genetic ablation of sensors of apoptotic cells impaired the proliferation of tissue-resident macrophages and the induction of anti-inflammatory/tissue repair genes in the lung following helminth infection or in the gut following induction of colitis. In contrast, the recognition of apoptotic cells was dispensable for cytokine-dependent induction of pattern recognition receptor, cell adhesion or chemotaxis genes in macrophages. Detection of apoptotic cells can therefore spatially compartmentalize or prevent premature or ectopic activity of pleiotropic, soluble cytokines, such as IL-4/IL-13.

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