Research Article

Structure of the yeast spliceosomal postcatalytic P complex

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Science  16 Nov 2017:
eaar3462
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar3462

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Abstract

The spliceosome undergoes dramatic changes in a splicing cycle. Structures of B, Bact, C, C*, and ILS complexes revealed mechanisms of 5′ splice site (ss) recognition, branching, and intron release, but lacked information on 3′ ss recognition, exon ligation and release. Here, we report a cryoEM structure of the postcatalytic P complex at 3.3Å resolution, revealing that 3′ ss is mainly recognized through non-Watson-Crick basepairing with the 5′ ss and branch point. Furthermore, an unidentified protein becomes stably associated with the P complex, securing the 3′ exon and potentially regulating Prp22 activity. Prp22 binds nucleotides 15-21 in the 3′ exon, enabling it to pull the intron-exon or ligated exon in a 3′ to 5′ direction to achieve 3′ ss proofreading or exon release, respectively.

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