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Emergence of coexisting ordered states in active matter systems

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Science  28 Jun 2018:
eaao5434
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao5434

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Abstract

Active systems can produce a far greater variety of ordered patterns than conventional equilibrium systems. Especially, transitions between disorder and either polar- or nematically-ordered phases have been predicted and observed in two-dimensional active systems. However, coexistence between phases of different types of order has not been reported. We demonstrate the emergence of dynamic coexistence of ordered states with fluctuating nematic and polar symmetry in an actomyosin motility assay. Combining experiments with agent-based simulations, we identify sufficiently weak interactions that lack a clear alignment symmetry as a prerequisite for coexistence. Thus, the symmetry of macroscopic order becomes an emergent and dynamic property of the active system. These results provide a pathway in which living systems can express different types of order by using identical building blocks.

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