Oxygen-Motivated Behavior in the Goldfish, Carassius auratus

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Science  31 Aug 1962:
Vol. 137, Issue 3531, pp. 678-679
DOI: 10.1126/science.137.3531.678


Goldfish placed in deoxygenated water learned to interrupt a light beam in order to obtain brief exposure to aerated water. The training procedure brought this behavior under the control of arbitrary visual stimuli.