Enzyme from Soil Bacterium Hydrolyzes Phenylcarbamate Herbicides

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Science  12 Feb 1965:
Vol. 147, Issue 3659, pp. 740-741
DOI: 10.1126/science.147.3659.740


An enzyme preparation from Pseudomonas sp., isolated from a soil culture by an enrichment technique, liberated 3-chloroaniline from the herbicide isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl) carbamate. Aniline, 3-chloroaniline, and 3,4-dichloroaniline were detected when the enzyme preparation was incubated with several alkyl esters of the phenylcarbamates and chlorophenylcarbamates. No chloroaniline was detected when the 3-(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (monuron) was used as a substrate. The substrate specificity of the isolated enzyme suggests that it catalyzes the initial hydrolysis of many biologically active phenylcarbamates in soils.

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