Pressure-Induced Color Mutation of Euglena gracilis

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Science  12 Feb 1965:
Vol. 147, Issue 3659, pp. 741-742
DOI: 10.1126/science.147.3659.741


Photosynthetic cultures of Euglena gracilis Z which were illuminated during growth were more resistant to the lethal effect of high hydrostatic pressures than nonphotosynthetic cultures grown in the dark. A high percentage of mutants permanently lacking chlorophyll and with altered carotenoids was obtained after subjecting cultures to high pressure. A minimum pressure of 500 atmospheres was critical for color mutation and morphological change. The highest effective pressure used was 1000 atmospheres.

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