Prehistoric Maize in Southeastern Virginia

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Science  12 Nov 1965:
Vol. 150, Issue 3698, pp. 881-883
DOI: 10.1126/science.150.3698.881


Five fossil maize-pollen grains were identified in a peat profile from Dismal Swamp. Extrapolation from the radiocarbon age of peat lower in the section suggests an age of 2200 years. The find suggests that a small clearing within the swamp was cultivated and thus supports the hypothesis that agriculture had diffused into coastal regions before the end of Early Woodland time.