Metabolism of Alveolar Cells: Histochemical Evidence and Relation to Pulmonary Surfactant

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Science  29 Apr 1966:
Vol. 152, Issue 3722, pp. 657-659
DOI: 10.1126/science.152.3722.657


Large alveolar cells of normal dog lung are rich in enzymes concerned with oxidative and synthetic pathways. In three experimental situations where ability of the lung to produce surfactant was impaired, the enzyme-rich cells were lacking or absent. Findings support the concept that these cells are sites of active metabolism, possibly including production of surfactant.