The Effect of Mass on Frequency

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Science  09 Aug 1968:
Vol. 161, Issue 3841, pp. 567-569
DOI: 10.1126/science.161.3841.567


Two experiments are described where an apparent decrease in frequency was detected when the optical path was in the vicinity of a mass. In the first experiment the 21-centimeter absorption line from Taurus A was observed near occultation by the sun. In the second experiment the frequency of a portable cesium clock was compared with the frequency of a similar clock which transmits its signals from Cape Fear, North Carolina. A decrease of frequency of the received signals as a function of the distance between the two clocks was apparent. Several relevant observations (the red shift of lines from the sun, the Mossbauer determination of the gravitational red shift, and the cosmological red shif) are discussed in view of the present results. confirmation.

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