Transform Faulting and Growth of the Gulf of California Since the Late Pliocene

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Science  20 Sep 1968:
Vol. 161, Issue 3847, pp. 1238-1241
DOI: 10.1126/science.161.3847.1238


Seismic-reflection and magnetic profiles over more than 6000 kilometers suggest that spreading of the sea floor on the East Pacific Rise, at the mouth of the Gulf of California, began to broaden a proto-gulf about 4 million years ago. Movement occurred, on transform faults, offsetting the rise and other centers of crustal growth within the gulf, and translated the end of the peninsula about 200 kilometers to the northwest. Thick pelagic sediments on the east flank of the rise indicate that there was a lapse of spreading by crustal growth between 4 and 10 million years ago.

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