Brush Border Particulates of Renal Tissue

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Science  29 Nov 1968:
Vol. 162, Issue 3857, pp. 1009-1011
DOI: 10.1126/science.162.3857.1009


Particulates containing a large part of the alkaline phosphatase activity of renal tissue were separated from homogenates and from ribosomal preparations by zonal centrifugation. The particles had a high content of phospholipid and cholesterol that was not removed by treatment with I percent deoxycholate. Enzymatic activities concentrated with the particles were the alkaline phosphatase, a peptidase resistant to proteolysis, glucose-6-phosphatase, inorganic pyrophos-phatase, and adenosine triphosphatase. The particles accumulated leucine with no stimulation from soluble factors and with inhibition by other amino acids; the accumulation was stimulated by adenosine triphosphate and was not inhibited by puromycin. The particles appear to be derived from the membranes of the brush borders of tubular cells.