Boron Modifications Produced in an Induction-Coupled Argon Plasma

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Science  28 Feb 1969:
Vol. 163, Issue 3870, pp. 935-937
DOI: 10.1126/science.163.3870.935


Most of the small particles (50 to 100 micrometers in diameter) of microcrystalline β-rhombohedral boron that quickly transit an argon plasma maintained within a radio-frequency induction-coupled torch emerge as better crystallized spheroids of the same crystalline form and nearly the same size as the starting material. A few crystals of each of four distinctive, well-faceted habits are formed along with the general product. Three of these types are monocrystals of the β-rhombohedral polymorph, of the tetragonal-III modification, and of an unreported cubic form of boron. Specimens of the fourth type are polycrystals of another unreported form of boron, apparently consisting of many hexagonal platelets stacked in an imprecise fashion.

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