Vitamin K and Coumarin Anticoagulants: Dependence of Anticoagulant Effect on Inhibition of Vitamin K Transport

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  11 Apr 1969:
Vol. 164, Issue 3876, pp. 181-183
DOI: 10.1126/science.164.3876.181


Coumarin anticoagulants inhibit the release of plasma clotting factor VII by vitamin K in liver slices from vitamin K-deficient animals without inhibition of protein synthesis. When the ratio of vitamin K to coumarin anticoagulant is kept constant, but the concentrations are increased, the inhibition disappears. This suggests that the pharmacological action of coumarin anticoagulants depends on irreversible inhibition of normal vitamin K transport to its site of action. At higher concentrations of vitamin K the inhibition can be surmounted, because vitamin K can enter the cell by an alternate route that is not inhibited by coumarin anticoagulants.

Stay Connected to Science