Atmospheric Temperature: Successful Test of Remote Probing

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Science  19 Sep 1969:
Vol. 165, Issue 3899, pp. 1256-1258
DOI: 10.1126/science.165.3899.1256


The Nimbus III satellite carries the satellite infrared spectrometer (SIRS). It measures the radiance of the earth and the atmosphere in seven narrow spectral intervals in the 15-micrometer carbon dioxide band and in one interval of minimum absorption at 11.1 micrometers. Seven simultaneous equations are solved to obtain the vertical temperature profile; the eighth measurement is used to determine the boundary condition (cloud or surface temperature). Results agree with those obtained from conventional radiosondes.

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