ArticlesSpecial Mineral Studies

Lunar Clinopyroxenes: Chemical Composition, Structural State, and Texture

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Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 628-630
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.628


Single-crystal x-ray diffraction, microprobe, optical and electron optical examinations of clinopyroxenes from Apollo 11 lunar samples 10003, 10047, 10050, and 10084 show that generally the crystals are composed of (001) augitepigeonite intergrowths in varying ratios. Transmission electron micrographs reveal abundant exsolution lamellae, many only 60 A thick. In addition to the phase inhomogeneities, primary chemical inhomogeneities are clearly demonstrated. There are reciprocal relationships between calcium and iron and between Ti4+ + 2Ai and 2Si. Our evidence suggests that a chemically inhomogeneous subcalcic C2/c augite was the only primary pyroxene from which pigeonite later exsolved.

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