ArticlesSpecial Mineral Studies

Mineralogy, Petrology, and Surface Features of Lunar Samples 10062,35, 10067,9, 10069,30, and 10085,16

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Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 661-663
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.661


The primary rocks are a sequence of titanium-rich basic volcanics, composed of clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and ilmenite with minor olivine, troilite, and native iron. The soil and microbreccias are respectively loose and compacted mixtures of fragments and aggregates of similar rocks, minerals, and glassy fragments and spheres. Impact events are reflected by the presence of shock metamorphosed rock fragments, breccias, and glasses and their resulting compaction to form complex breccias, glass-spattered surfaces, and numerous glass-lined craters. Chemistry of the glasses formed by the impact events is highly variable, and the high iron and nickel content of a few moundlike features suggests that at least some of the projectiles are iron and nickel-rich meteorites.

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