Mixed Lymphocyte Reactions and Tissue Transplantation Tolerance

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Science  27 Feb 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3922, pp. 1264-1266
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3922.1264


The induction of tolerance of Lewis histocompatibility antigens in BN rats inoculated at birth with BNI Lewis F1 hybrid bone marrow cells, as revealed by the prolonged survival of Lewis skin grafts, is accompanied by markedly decreased reactivity in the mixed lymphocyte interaction. Blood lymphocytes from animals inoculated with lymph node cell suspensions also display diminished proliferative reactivity to hybrid BN/Lewis cells in the interaction. However, these recipients are not tolerant of Lewis skin grafts. Blood lymphocytes from BN rats inoculated neonatally with Lewis thymocytes fail to display any level of unresponsiveness in vitro, and such animals are not tolerant of Lewis skin grafts. The results suggest that in rats skin and marrow cells have histocompatibility antigens that are absent or poorly expressed on lymph node cells and thymocytes.

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