Exposed Guyot from the Afar Rift, Ethiopia

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Science  29 May 1970:
Vol. 168, Issue 3935, pp. 1087-1089
DOI: 10.1126/science.168.3935.1087


A series of originally submarine volcanoes has been found in the Afar Depression. Some of the volcanic structures are morphologically similar to oceanic guyots. One of them consists of strata of finely fragmented and pulverized basaltic glass. The fragmentation of the lava is probably the result of stream explosions taking place during the submarine eruption. The flat top of this guyot is considered to be a constructional feature; by analogy, it is suggested that not all oceanic guyots are necessarily the result of wave truncation of former volcanic islands.

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