Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis: Synthesis of Disease-Inducing Site of the Basic Protein

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Science  05 Jun 1970:
Vol. 168, Issue 3936, pp. 1220-1223
DOI: 10.1126/science.168.3936.1220


A highly encephalitogenic peptide whose structure resembles the sequence of amino acids surrounding the single tryptophan residue in the encephalitogenic A1 protein from bovine myelin was synthesized. This peptide is similar in the sequence to peptic peptide E and tryptic T27, derived directly from the A1 protein, and is as active on a molar basis as the A1 protein. The major disease-inducing site of the A1 protein resides in a linear sequence of nine amino acids: H-Phe-Ser-Trp-Gly-Ala-Glu-Gly-Gln-Lys-OH. This region of the A1 protein is apparently the major encephalitogenic determinant since specific modification of the tryptophan residue in the A1 protein with 2-hydroxy-5-nitrobenzyl bromide destroyed its encephalitogenic activity.

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