Heating of Basalts with a Carbon Dioxide Laser

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Science  23 Oct 1970:
Vol. 170, Issue 3956, pp. 435-438
DOI: 10.1126/science.170.3956.435


Basalts heated strongly with focused infrared laser radiation vaporized and splattered. Electron microprobe analyses of condensate, ejecta, and residue show strong vapor fractionation trends which, for some elements, are different from what would be expected theoretically and from previously reported data on more siliceous materials. It appears that solution effects can account for these differences. Heating of materials by a powerful focused laser beam for the purpose of study of vapor fractionation is a convenient technique that is more versatile than previous methods such as heating in solar or arc image furnaces.

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