Antarctic Glaciation during the Tertiary Recorded in Sub-Antarctic Deep-Sea Cores

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Science  04 Dec 1970:
Vol. 170, Issue 3962, pp. 1085-1087
DOI: 10.1126/science.170.3962.1085


Study of 18 Cenozoic South Pacific deep-sea cores indicates an association of glacially derived ice-rafted sands and relatively low planktonic foraminiferal diversity with cooling of the Southern Ocean during the Lower Eocene, upper Middle Eocene, and Oligocene. Increased species diversity and reduction or absence of ice-rafted sands in Lower and Middle Miocene cores indicate a warming trend that ended in the Upper Miocene. Antarctic continental glaciation appears to have prevailed throughout much of the Cenozoic.

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