Bispectrum Analysis of Electroencephalogram Signals during Waking and Sleeping

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Science  23 Apr 1971:
Vol. 172, Issue 3981, pp. 401-402
DOI: 10.1126/science.172.3981.401


The degree of interaction of component waves making up a single electroencephalogram trace was strongly correlated with alpha activity, lead placement, and state of consciousness. Significant quadratic coupling of the waves was found only for awake subjects with high alpha activity. For these subjects about 50 percent of beta activity can be attributed to harmonic coupling with the alpha peak. During sleep, the degree of interaction was of borderline significance and did not follow a consistent pattern with respect to subject, frequency, state, or lead.