Fossilization of Bermuda Patch Reefs

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Science  22 Dec 1972:
Vol. 178, Issue 4067, pp. 1280-1282
DOI: 10.1126/science.178.4067.1280


Living corals on Bermuda patch reefs build a primary framework which, in places, is so destroyed by boring organisms that the reef surface subsides. Organisms that encrust the reef cavities are preferentially preserved as the framework is bored. Burial by loose sediment stops framework growth, encrustation, and boring. Finally, cementation completes fossilization.