Earthquake-Induced Structures in Sediments of Van Norman Lake, San Fernando, California

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Science  12 Oct 1973:
Vol. 182, Issue 4108, pp. 161-163
DOI: 10.1126/science.182.4108.161


The 9 February 1971 earthquake in the San Fernando Valley damaged the Lower Van Norman Dam severely enough to warrant draining the reservoir. In March 1972 the sediment deposited on the reservoir floor was examined to determine whether the 1971 earthquake had induced sediment deformation and, if so, what types. A zone of deformational structures characterized by small-scale loads and slightly recumbent folds associated with the 1971 earthquake was discovered, in addition to two older zones of load structures. Each of the zones has been tentatively correlated with an historic earthquake.

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