Norway: Small Country Plans Civil Science and Technology

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Science  18 Jan 1974:
Vol. 183, Issue 4121, pp. 172-179
DOI: 10.1126/science.183.4121.172


Smaller countries—and even more advanced large countries—need to carefully plan and allocate their limited resources in civil science and technology for maximum impact in terms of national goals. Norway's recently completed 2½-year attempt at more formal planning in the civil-industrial sector may suggest some useful approaches to this complex problem. It should also offer helpful insights to those interested in broad-scale, government-private planning in science and technology elsewhere.