Meaning in visual search

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Science  14 Mar 1975:
Vol. 187, Issue 4180, pp. 965-966
DOI: 10.1126/science.1145183


Viewers briefly glimpsed pictures presented in a sequence at rates up to eight per second. They recognized a target picture as accurately and almost as rapidly when they knew only its meaning given by a name (for example, a boat) as when they had seen the picture itself in advance.