Controls on the Preservation of Biogenic Opal in Sediments of the Eastern Tropical Pacific

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Science  28 May 1976:
Vol. 192, Issue 4242, pp. 887-890
DOI: 10.1126/science.192.4242.887


A map of the preservation pattern of siliceous microfossils was constructed from an examination of 125 piston and gravity cores of Quaternary sediments from throughout the eastern tropical Pacific. Preservation is enhanced where high surface water productivity supplies a high input rate of siliceous tests to the sea floor, except in a large area north of 5°N, east of the East Pacific Rise. Here a high input rate of terrigenous silicates may adversely affect preservation of biogenic opal in the sea-floor sediments.