Nitrogen Fixation in Grasses Inoculated with Spirillum lipoferum

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Science  10 Sep 1976:
Vol. 193, Issue 4257, pp. 1003-1005
DOI: 10.1126/science.193.4257.1003


Field-grown pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum) and guinea grass (Panicum maximum), lightly fertilized and inoculated with Spirillum lipoferum, produced significantly higher yields of dry matter than did uninoculated controls. Up to 42 and 39 kilograms of nitrogen per hectare were replaced by inoculation for pearl millet and guinea grass, respectively. The data demonstrate that nitrogen fixation by these grass-Spirillum systems is efficient and is achieved at a reasonable energy cost to the plant.