Sunlight-Induced Bromate Formation in Chlorinated Seawater

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Science  25 Mar 1977:
Vol. 195, Issue 4284, pp. 1335-1337
DOI: 10.1126/science.195.4284.1335


Chlorinated waters are being introduced into estuarine and coastal areas in increasing quantities. In such systems, the chlorine reacts with the natural bromide and ammonia to produce the highly toxic hypobromous acid, hypobromite ion, and haloamines. Sunlight causes up to 50 percent conversion to bromate ion, which is persistent in natural waters and has an unknown toxicity.

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