Deficiencies of Glucosamine-6-Sulfate or Galactosamine-6-Sulfate Sulfatases Are Responsible for Different Mucopolysaccharidoses

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Science  06 Jan 1978:
Vol. 199, Issue 4324, pp. 79-81
DOI: 10.1126/science.199.4324.79


[1-3H]Galactitol-6-sulfate, N-[1-3H]acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, N-[1-3H]acetylglucosaminitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate, and 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides from chondroitin-6-sulfate have been used for the measurement of 6-sulfatase activity of extracts of normal skin fibroblasts and of fibroblasts cultured from patients with genetic mucopolysaccharidoses. With these substrates, extracts of fibroblasts derived from Morquio patients lack or have greatly reduced activities for galactitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, and 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides but have normal activity for N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate and its alditol; those derived from a patient with a newly discovered mucopolysaccharidosis have greatly reduced activity for N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfate and its alditol but normal activity for galactitol-6-sulfate, N-acetylgalactosaminitol-6-sulfate, and the 6-sulfated tetrasaccharides. These findings demonstrate the existence of two different hexosamine-6-sulfate sulfatases, specific for the glucose or galactose configuration of their substrates. Their respective deficiencies, causing inability to degrade keratan sulfate and heparan sulfate in one case and keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate in the other, are responsible for different clinical phenotypes.