Management of Multispecies Fisheries

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Science  20 Jul 1979:
Vol. 205, Issue 4403, pp. 267-277
DOI: 10.1126/science.205.4403.267


With the overexploitation of many conventional fish stcocks, and growing interest in harvesting new kinds of food from the sea, there is increasing need for managers of fisheries to take account of interactions among species. In particular, as Antarctic krill-fishing industries grow, there is a need to agree upon sound principles for managing the Southern Ocean ecosystem. Using simple models, we discuss the way multispecies food webs respond to the harvesting of species at differrent trophic levels. These biological and economic insights are applied to a discussion of fisheries in the Southern Otean and the North Sea and to enunciate some for harvesting in multispecies systems.