Novel activation mechanism for the promutagenic herbicide diallate

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Science  07 Sep 1979:
Vol. 205, Issue 4410, pp. 1013-1015
DOI: 10.1126/science.472719


The potent bacterial mutagen 2-chloroacrolein is formed from the carcinogenic herbicide S-2,3-dichloroallyl diisopropylthiocarbamate (diallate) on incubation with hepatic microsomal monooxygenases or on reaction with m-chloroperbenzoic acid. A proposed activation mechanism for this promutagen involves sulfoxidation followed by [2,3] sigmatropic rearrangement and 1,2-elimination reactions. A portion of the highly reactive intermediate, diallate sulfoxide (proximate mutagens), is attacked by glutathione in a reaction which competes with its transformation to the ultimate mutagen, 2-chloroacrolein.

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