The origins of U.S. safety standards for microwave radiation

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Science  13 Jun 1980:
Vol. 208, Issue 4449, pp. 1230-1237
DOI: 10.1126/science.6990492


An analysis is made of the scientific research and values influencing the policy decisions that led to the adoption of the 1966 U.S. standard for exposure to microwave radiation. This analysis is used as a tool for understanding the problems faced by those who set standards. An effort is made to unravel the complex motivations that lay behind the adoption of the microwave standard. Based on the past record, it is suggested that standard setting remain distinct from basic scientific research and that adversary procedures be used only as a last resort in seeking consensus over a proposed standard.

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