Evolution of Sea Surface Temperature in the Somali Basin During the Southwest Monsoon of 1979

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Science  01 Aug 1980:
Vol. 209, Issue 4456, pp. 595-597
DOI: 10.1126/science.209.4456.595


Satellite and research vessel observations of sea surface temperature during the southwest monsoon of 1979 show the development of large wedge-shaped areas of cold water along the Somali coast at both 5° and 10°N during June and July. The cold water associated with the large northern and southern Somali eddy systems could be traced several hundred kilometers offshore. By late August the cold wedge at 5°N translated northeastward as far as 10°N at speeds of 15 to 30 centimeters per second, indicating a coalescence of the systems.