Sex differences in mathematical ability: fact or artifact?

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Science  12 Dec 1980:
Vol. 210, Issue 4475, pp. 1262-1264
DOI: 10.1126/science.7434028


A substantial sex difference in mathematical reasoning ability (score on the mathematics test of the Scholastic Aptitude Test) in favor of boys was found in a study of 9927 intellectually gifted junior high school students. Our data contradict the hypothesis that differential course-taking accounts for observed sex differences in mathematical ability, but support the hypothesis that these differences are somewhat increased by environmental influences.

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