Ratoon Stunting Disease of Sugarcane: Isolation of the Causal Bacterium

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Science  19 Dec 1980:
Vol. 210, Issue 4476, pp. 1365-1367
DOI: 10.1126/science.210.4476.1365


A small coryneform bacterium was consistently isolated from sugarcane with ratoon stunting disease and shown to be the causal agent. A similar bacterium was isolated from Bermuda grass. Both strains multiplied in sugarcane and Bermuda grass, but the Bermuda grass strain did not incite the symptoms of ratoon stunting disease in sugarcane. Shoot growth in Bermuda grass was retarded by both strains.