Integration and stable germ line transmission of genes injected into mouse pronuclei

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Science  11 Dec 1981:
Vol. 214, Issue 4526, pp. 1244-1246
DOI: 10.1126/science.6272397


Genetic material has been successfully transferred into the genomes of newborn mice by injection of that material into pronuclei of fertilized eggs. Initial results indicated two patterns of processing the injected DNA: one in which the material was not integrated into the host genome, and another in which the injected genes became associated with high molecular weight DNA. These patterns are maintained through further development to adulthood. The evidence presented indicates the covalent association of injected DNA with host sequences, and transmission of such linked sequences in a Mendelian distribution to two succeeding generations of progeny.

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