Biological Control in Agroecosystems

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  08 Jan 1982:
Vol. 215, Issue 4529, pp. 134-139
DOI: 10.1126/science.215.4529.134


Living organisms are used as biological pest control agents in (i) classical biological control, primarily for permanent control of introduced perennial weed pests or introduced pests of perennial crops; (ii) augmentative biological control, for temporary control of native or introduced pests of annual crops grown in monoculture; and (iii) conservative or natural control, in which the agroecosystem is managed to maximize the effect of native or introduced biological control agents. The effectiveness of biological control can be improved if it is based on adequate ecological information and theory, and if it is integrated with other pest management practices.