Dynorphin is a specific endogenous ligand of the kappa opioid receptor

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Science  22 Jan 1982:
Vol. 215, Issue 4531, pp. 413-415
DOI: 10.1126/science.6120570


In the guinea pig ileum myenteric plexus--longitudinal muscle preparation, dynorphin-(1--13) and the prototypical kappa agonist ethylketocyclazocine had equally poor sensitivity to naloxone antagonism and showed selective cross protection in receptor inactivation experiments with the alkylating antagonist beta-chlornaltrexamine. In binding assays with membranes from guinea pig brain, ethylketocyclazocine and dynorphin-(1--13) amide were more potent in displacing tritium-labeled ethylketocyclazocine than in displacing typical mu and delta opioid receptor ligands. In the two preparations studied, the dynorphin receptor appears to be the same as the kappa opioid receptor.