Is the Gramicidin A Transmembrane Channel Single-Stranded or Double-Stranded Helix? A Simple Unequivocal Determination

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Science  09 Sep 1983:
Vol. 221, Issue 4615, pp. 1064-1067
DOI: 10.1126/science.221.4615.1064


Thallium ion-induced carbonyl carbon chemical shifts were compared for all of the L-residue-peptide carbonyl carbons of the gramicidin A transmembrane channel. Molecular structures were deduced by using the argument that helically equivalent and equally proximal carbonyls would exhibit essentially equivalent ion-induced chemical shifts. The transmembrane channel was found to be a head-to-head dimer with the structure of a left-handed, single-stranded β-helix.