Determining the Solar Wind Speed Above Active Regions Using Remote Radio-Wave Observations

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Science  04 Nov 1983:
Vol. 222, Issue 4623, pp. 506-508
DOI: 10.1126/science.222.4623.506


A new technique has made it possible to measure the velocity of portions of the solar wind during its flow outward from the sun. This analysis utilizes spacecraft (ISEE-3) observations of radio emission generated in regions of the solar wind associated with solar active regions. By tracking the source of these radio waves over periods of days, it is possible to measure the motion of the emission regions. Evidence of solar wind acceleration during this outward flow, consistent with theoretical models, has also been obtained.