Acetolactate Synthase Is the Site of Action of Two Sulfonylurea Herbicides in Higher Plants

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Science  29 Jun 1984:
Vol. 224, Issue 4656, pp. 1443-1445
DOI: 10.1126/science.224.4656.1443


Biochemical and genetic studies of a tobacco mutant resistant to the herbicides chlorsulfuron and sulfometuron methyl have demonstrated that these sulfonylurea herbicides inhibit acetolactate synthase, the first enzyme specific to the branched chain amino acid biosynthetic pathway. Resistance of this mutant is accomplished by production of a form of the enzyme that is insensitive to inhibition by the two herbicides.