Coexpression of translocated and normal c-myc oncogenes in hybrids between Daudi and lymphoblastoid cells

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Science  08 Mar 1985:
Vol. 227, Issue 4691, pp. 1235-1238
DOI: 10.1126/science.3856319


Mechanisms that affect the transcription of the c-myc oncogene take part in the development of B-cell neoplasias such as Burkitt's lymphoma. Daudi Burkitt lymphoma cells, which express only the translocated c-myc oncogene, were hybridized with human lymphoblastoid cells, which express the normal c-myc gene; the hybrids were phenotypically lymphoblastoid and expressed both the translocated and the normal c-myc gene. This result contrasts with the findings that the decapitated c-myc gene, translocated to an immunoglobulin switch mu or alpha region, is transcriptionally silent in lymphoblastoid hybrids. Thus, there may be at least two distinct enhancer-like elements capable of deregulating c-myc transcription in lymphomas and leukemias with t(8;14) chromosome translocations. In addition, since the Daudi X lymphoblastoid hybrids express both the translocated and the normal c-myc gene, the c-myc gene product does not autoregulate c-myc transcription.

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