Retinal S antigen chromatographically purified from whole retina, induces experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis in laboratory animals. The 48K protein, a soluble protein found in rod outer segments, is purified through its specific binding to photoexcited rhodopsin and is involved in the quenching of light-induced guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate-phosphodiesterase activity. Biochemical, immunological, functional, and pathological tests showed that retinal S antigen and the 48K protein are identical.

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