Reduction in Summer Soil Wetness Induced by an Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

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Science  02 May 1986:
Vol. 232, Issue 4750, pp. 626-628
DOI: 10.1126/science.232.4750.626


The geographical distribution of the change in soil wetness in response to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide was investigated by using a mathematical model of climate. Responding to the increase in carbon dioxide, soil moisture in the model would be reduced in summer over extensive regions of the middle and high latitudes, such as the North American Great Plains, western Europe, northern Canada, and Siberia. These results were obtained from the model with predicted cloud cover and are qualitatively similar to the results from several numerical experiments conducted earlier with prescribed cloud cover.