Early Cretaceous Angiosperm Leaves from Southern South America

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Science  19 Dec 1986:
Vol. 234, Issue 4783, pp. 1580-1582
DOI: 10.1126/science.234.4783.1580


Early angiosperm leaves from the Aptian (113 to 119 million years ago) Baqueró Formation of Patagonia have been found in a fossil flora dominated by more than 100 species of gymnosperms and pteridophytes. They may be the first early Cretaceous angiosperm leaves to be reported from southern South America and one of the few reported in the Southern Hemisphere. The leaves are large, lobate, craspedodromous, and dentate (A-1 teeth) and have ramified tertiary veins and random fourth-order venation. Several of these features have been found in coeval and younger strata elsewhere, but not in the same combination. They were probably a marginal component of the flora.