Crystallographic R Factor Refinement by Molecular Dynamics

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Science  23 Jan 1987:
Vol. 235, Issue 4787, pp. 458-460
DOI: 10.1126/science.235.4787.458


Molecular dynamics was used to refine macromolecular structures by incorporating the difference between the observed crystallographic structure factor amplitude and that calculated from an assumed atomic model into the total energy of the system. The method has a radius of convergence that is larger than that of conventional restrained least-squares refinement. Test cases showed that the need for manual corrections during refinement of macromolecular crystal structures is reduced. In crambin, the dynamics calculation moved residues that were misplaced by more than 3 angstroms into the correct positions without human intervention.

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