Ocean Dynamics and Acoustic Fluctuations in the Fram Strait Marginal Ice Zone

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  24 Apr 1987:
Vol. 236, Issue 4800, pp. 435-436
DOI: 10.1126/science.236.4800.435


Acoustic waves transmitted over a 100-kilometer path in the Fram Strait marginal ice zone undergo Doppler shifts and fluctuations around these shifts, the former due to quasi-steady motion of both acoustic source and receiver and the latter to unsteady motions of the water column and ice cover. Internal waves and differential Doppler shift usually account for such fluctuations in the deep temperate ocean but only partially explain the results obtained in the marginal ice zone. There the fluctuations are more energetic and may be caused alternatively or additionally by comparably energetic fluctuations in ice-edge eddies or other mesoscale motions.

Stay Connected to Science