Eosinophils cocultured with endothelial cells have increased survival and functional properties

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Science  07 Aug 1987:
Vol. 237, Issue 4815, pp. 645-647
DOI: 10.1126/science.3110954


Human peripheral blood eosinophils, cells often associated with allergic and parasitic diseases, were maintained in vitro for at least 14 days when they were cocultured with bovine endothelial cells and for at least 7 days when cultured with either bovine or human endothelial cell-derived conditioned medium. The cocultured eosinophils became hypodense and generated about three times as much leukotriene C4 upon activation with calcium ionophore and killed about three times as many antibody-coated larvae of Schistosoma mansoni as freshly isolated normodense eosinophils. That these cells can be maintained in vitro by coculture with endothelial cells, and the surprising finding that the cocultured eosinophils have biochemical, cytotoxic, and density properties similar to those of eosinophils in patients with allergic and other disorders, will facilitate investigation of the regulation and role of these cells in health and disease.